The first force that led to the flattening of the world is the fall of the Berlin wall. This event signified the end of the cold war and enabled people to open their minds to free-market capitalism. This released up pent up energies of millions of people from India, Brazil, China and the former Soviet Union. The people from these countries were introduced to the concept of capitalism. The falling of the Berlin wall further enhanced and changed people's mindset about the world. It allowed for the concept of a single world market with global policies.
The major flattener occurred on 8/9/95 when Netscape went public. Netscape and the web improved people's means of communication. The digitization that took place meant that everyday occurrences could be shared to other people throughout the world through file sharing, music sharing etc. the development of internet email browser technology enabled quick and cost-effective communication throughout the world.
The next flattener is outsourcing. This is a process whereby businesses transfer their non-core business activities to other companies or individuals who are willing to effectively do them. These non-core activities include book-keeping, customer service etc. for instance, the United States benefits from outsourcing its non core business activities to India. In India, there are many unemployed but educated individuals. Due to advancements in technology and communication, jobs can be outsourced to India and done at lower cost than would be done in the United States. Similarly, Bhutan too has some out-sourced agencies from abroad.
Human civilization and their unending thirst for power, energy and resources led to the exploitation of natural resources on earth and it continues to grow. The demand for energy is making the human race devise alternative sources of energy. When human activities continue to grow on an unimaginable scale, the massive effect that earth undergoes is rise in global temperatures, decline of resources, massive poverty, natural disasters etc. thereby, making our planet hotter by the day. Here in Bhutan, it is recorded that Gelephu is getting hotter each summer with low humidity, when other low lying areas have their humidity high. One sure sign of climate change and the earth getting hot is the melting glacier. What can be more evident than melting glaciers indicating climate change and what causes these glaciers to melt? The rise in global temperatures perhaps. Keeping this fact in mind it is needless to say that this world of ours is hot!
The story of our species is one of remarkable success. From a starting point in Africa, our ancestors spread across the planet, harnessing local resources and adapting to the harshest environments.
As human beings prosper and mankind leaps forward with every passing moment, our mother earth shrinks by every passing moment. So what can be done to make space for all the people living on this planet are in the conscious mind of every human being occupying a space in on this planet! Therefore, it is very much obvious that this world is flat, hot and crowded. The doomsday is obvious! So guys have your fingers crossed.